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Welcome, medical contents search May 20, 2015
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Echocardiogram (= ECHO)

  • A noninvasive test that uses ultrasound techniques to detect enlargement of the cardiac chambers or variations in chamber size during the cardiac cycle

  • No anatomic or functional abnormalities

  • A transducer is placed over the third and fourth intercostal spaces to the left of the sternum.
  • The transducer emits ultrasonic beams (high frequency sound waves)
  • The transducer picks up the echos created by the deflection of the beams from the various heart structures.

  • To evaluate abnormal heart sounds
  • To evaluate heart size, chamber size, and valvular function
  • To detect tumors, Pericardial Effusion, and wall motion abnormalities
  • Purpose of Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE)
  • Diagnose a thoracic aortic pathologic condition, including suspected aneurysms
  • Mitral valve disease or assessment of a prosthetic valve
  • Suspected endocarditis
  • Congenital Heart Disease
  • Left atrial thrombi
  • Cardiac tumors

  • Chest wall abnormalities
  • Excessive movement
  • Improper placement of transducer
  • For TEE
    1. History of irradiation of mediastinum
    2. Esophageal dysphagia
    3. Structural abnormalities

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