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Vascular Dementia

more about Vascular Dementia

Multi-infarct Dementia

  • Vascular Dementia is one of the common causes of Dementia resulting from the interruption of the blood supply to the brain.

  • The symptoms vary depending on the location and severity of the Strokes Patients may show a slow progression with a stepwise pattern in which the neurological deficits will deteriorate after a Stroke, then remain stable until the next Stroke.
  • Slowly progressive Dementia, characterized by memory loss, judgment impairment, impaired thinking, personality changes, mood changes, Delirium, hallucination and confusion.
  • Motor and sensory deficits, swallowing difficulties, speech impairment and gait disturbance.
  • Impaired functional ability and social integration

  • Vascular Dementia is the second most common cause of Dementia, after Alzheimer's disease
  • It usually affects people over the age of 60, and is slightly more common in men than in women
  • Vascular Dementia is not hereditary
  • Single or multiple Strokes that block small blood vessels in different parts of the brain.  Most patients do not realize that they had a Stroke because the symptoms are not visible.  However, the lesions can be seen on the brain scans such as CTs or MRIs.
  • Cerebral hemorrhages
  • Autoimune diseases of blood vessels, such as Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Temporal arteritis

  • Patients may show a stepwise development of symptoms rather than a steady, progressive cure.
  • Brain CT or MRI scan may show multiple infarctions.

  • There is no treatment to reverse the progression of Dementia.  Treatment should be focused on the control of the symptoms such as Depression, sleep disturbance or agitation.
  • Control of the known risk factors is very important when dealing with the prevention of vascular Dementia.

more about Vascular Dementia

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