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Welcome, medical contents search April 20, 2014
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  • Serum

  • Adult: 3.5-5.1 mEq/ L
  • Child: 3.4-4.7 mEq/L
  • Infant: 4.1-5.3 mEq/L
  • Newborn: 3.7-5.9 mEq/L
  • Premature (48 hours): 3.0-6.0 mEq/L

  • To evaluate electrolyte balance, acid-base balance, Hypertension, renal disease or renal failure, and endocrine disease.
  • To monitor the patient receiving treatment for ketoacidosis as well as those receiving hyperalimentation, dialysis, diuretic therapy, intravenous therapy

  • Rapid or excessive intravenous potassium replacement
  • Massive hemolysis
  • Acidosis
  • Dehydration
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Acute renal failure
  • Traumatic crushing injury
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Severe burns
  • Potassium-sparing diuretics
  • Addison's Disease

  • Diuretic therapy
  • Excessive sweating
  • Intravenous fluid therapy without potassium replacement
  • Fisutlar drainage
  • Bartter's syndrome
  • Vomiting or Diarrhea
  • Alkalosis
  • Severe burns
  • Aldosteronism
  • Renal tubular acidosis

  • Hemolysis

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