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Welcome, eCureMe.com medical contents search October 11, 2013
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Magnesium


  • Serum, urine

  • Serum:
    1. Adult: 1.3-2.1 mEq/L
    2. Child: 12-20 years: 1.56 +  0.21mEq/L
      • 6-12 years: 1.56 + 0.18 mEq/L
      • 5 months-6 years: 1.65 + 0.23 mEq/L
      • Infant (newborn-4 months): 1.2-1.8 mEq/L


  • Urine: 7.3-12.2 mg/dl

  • To evaluate electrolyte disorders, hypocalcemia, hypokalemia, and acid-base imbalance
  • To monitor patients who have cardiac disorders
  • To monitor the pregnant patient with severe toxemia during the intravenous administration of magnesium sulfate when the serum value is abnormal, the urine tested to obtain additional data

  • Serum:
    1. Advanced renal failure
    2. Addison's disease
    3. Administration of multiple magnesium sulfate enemas
    4. Excessive ingestion of magnesium-containing antacids
    5. Magnesium sulfate infusion therapy
  • Urine:
    1. Chronic renal disease
    2. Addison's disease
    3. Chronic Alcoholism
    4. Bartter's syndrome
    5. Ingestion of excess magnesium
    6. Cisplatin therapy
    7. Diuretic therapy

  • Serum:
    1. Early renal disease
    2. Inadequate dietary intake
    3. Chronic Glomerulonephritis
    4. Malabsorption
    5. Prolonged nasogastric drainage
    6. Hypercalcemia
    7. Severe burns
    8. Pancreatitis
    9. Hypoparathyroidism
    10. Hemodialysis therapy
    11. Hyperaldosteronism
    12. Pregnancy
    13. Cisplatin therapy
    14. Prolonged hyperalimentation
    15. Prolonged intravenous therapy
    16. Diabetic ketoacdosis
  • Urine:
    1. Advanced kidney failure
    2. Acute or Chronic Diarrhea
    3. Diabetic acidosis
    4. Starvation
    5. Pancreatitis
    6. Dehydration
    7. Primary aldosteronism
    8. Malabsorption

  • Serum:
    1. Venous stasis
    2. Hemolysis
  • Urine:
    1. Contact of urine with metal
    2. Loss of part of the urine specimen
    3. Failure to refrigerate the specimen











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