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Welcome, medical contents search April 25, 2013
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Herniated Disc

more about Herniated Disc


  • The spine contains numerous bones called vertebrae that provide support for the body, and protect the spinal cord.  Nerves from the spinal cord pass outward from nearly all levels of the vertebrae.  Between the vertebrae are "cushions" called discs.  These discs act like shock absorbers for the spine.
  • If a disc "slips" out of place or ruptures, it is called herniation.  When a disc herniates, it may cause problems with alignment of the spine, putting pressure (pinching) on nerves radiating from the spine.  The cervical (neck) spine and the lumbar (lower back) area are the two most common locales for Herniated Disc.

  • Pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness.  Symptom location in the body depends on where the disc is located along the spine.  For example, herniation of cervical (neck) discs result in problems in the arms.  In the lower back at level L5-S1, the pain goes down the buttocks, then down the side of the leg, and into the foot.

  • Strain or injury, e.g., whiplash, sports, or lifting at work

  • Neurological examination
  • MRI or CT scan
  • CT myelography -- dye injected into the spinal column followed by CT scan

  • Cervical disc herniation -- bed rest, possible neck traction, followed by neck immobilization with a collar.  If these fail, surgical removal of the disc may be needed.
  • Lumbar (lower back) -- anti-inflammatories and/or muscle relaxants.  Physical therapy may help some.  Persistent pain may require surgical removal

  • Warning

    - If you have these symptoms and develop weakness (i.e., paralysis) in any part of the body, or have another neurological defects (for example, you have bowel incontinence), you need immediate medical treatment.

more about Herniated Disc

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