There are many types of ovarian cancer, and cure and treatment success depends on how early ovarian cancer is detected. Ninety-five percent of women will live longer than five years, if ovarian cancer is detected before it has spread beyond the ovaries. Presently, only 25% of ovarian cancer cases in the U.S. are diagnosed in the early stages, because there is no simple screening test for ovarian cancer. Also, once symptoms develop and a woman seeks medical care, the cancer is often advanced. In advanced stages, 5-year survival rates drop to 28%. Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths among women.
None in the early stages
Family history of ovarian cancer should alert a woman that she should be followed closely.
Abdominal pressure or bloating
Changes in bowel or bladder patterns
Nausea, feeling full early when eating, constipation, and gas
Pelvic examination reveals an enlarged ovary
Computed tomography (CT)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Blood tests (CA-125, CEA)
Surgery to remove all visible cancer and involved structures