eCureMe logo

  eCureMe home eCureMe log In Sign Up!
eCureMe Life : Your Healthy Living. Click Here!
Welcome, eCureMe.com medical contents search April 25, 2013
       eCureMe Life
       Medical Supplies
       Calorie Count
       Self-Diagnosis
       Physician Search
       Message Board
      E-mail Doctor
      E-mail Veterinarian
      Self-Diagnosis
      Health-O-Matic Meter
      Calorie Count
      Natural Medicine
      Vitamins & Minerals
      Alternative Living
      My Health Chart
      Diseases & Treatments
      Atlas of Diseases
      Sexually Transmitted
      Diseases
Generic Viagra
      Drug Information
      Illegal Drugs
      Lab & Diagnostic Tests
      Internal Medicine
      Women’s Health
      Pediatrics
      Eye Disorders
      Skin Disorders
      Headache
      Mental Health
      Radiology
      Neurology
      Allergy
      Resource Links
      Physician Directory
      Dentist Directory
      Hospital Directory




Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

more about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


Description

  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a pattern of mental and physical defects that develop in some unborn babies when the mother drinks too much alcohol during pregnancy.
  • It includes mental retardation, growth deficiencies, central nervous system dysfunction, craniofacial abnormalities, and behavioral problems.
  • A baby born with FAS may be seriously handicapped and require a lifetime of special care.
  • The fetus is most vulnerable to various types of injuries depending on the stage of development in which alcohol is encountered. A safe amount of drinking during pregnancy has not been determined, and all major authorities agree that women should not drink at all during pregnancy. Unfortunately, women sometimes wait until a pregnancy is confirmed before they stop drinking. By then, the embryo/fetus has gone through several weeks of critical development, a period during which exposure to alcohol can be very damaging. Therefore, the Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse urges women who are pregnant or anticipating a pregnancy to abstain from drinking alcoholic beverages. The incidence of FAS can conservatively be estimated at 0.33 cases per 1000 live births.



    Causes

  • Alcohol in a pregnant woman's bloodstream reaches the fetus by crossing the placenta. There, the alcohol interferes with the ability of the fetus to receive sufficient oxygen and nourishment for normal cell development in the brain and other body organs.
  • Timing of alcohol use during pregnancy is important. Alcohol use during the first trimester is more damaging than during the second trimester, which is, in turn, more damaging than use in the third trimester.



    Symptoms

    The manifestations of specific growth, mental, and physical birth defects associated with the alcohol exposure during pregnancy
  • Small birth weight, small head circumference
  • Epicanthal folds, small, widely spaced eyes, flat mid-face
  • Short, upturned nose, smooth, wide philtrum, thin upper lip
  • Underdeveloped jaw
  • Irritable, difficulty eating or sleeping, hypersensitivity to any form of stimulation

    Neurological manifestations of FAS
  • Attention deficits, memory deficits, hyperactive
  • Difficulty with abstract concepts (math, time, money)
  • Poor problem-solving skills, difficulty learning from consequences
  • Poor judgment, immature behavior, poor impulse control



    Treatment

  • There is no cure for FAS. Once the damage is done, it cannot be undone. However, FAS is completely preventable.



    Prevention

  • FAS and FAE (Fetal Alcohol Effects) are 100% preventable when a pregnant woman abstains from alcohol. Communities, schools, and concerned individuals can help to prevent FAS/FAE, through education and intervention.


  • more about Fetal Alcohol Syndrome















    medical contents search

    Home   |   About Us   |   Contact Us   |   Employment Ad   |   Help

    Terms and Conditions under which this service is provided to you. Read our Privacy Policy.
    Copyright © 2002 - 2003 eCureMe, Inc All right reserved.