Also known as
An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that develops outside the uterus. The ectopic site can be a fallopian tube, ovary, or anywhere in the abdominal cavity.
An ectopic pregnancy is not viable and requires medical or surgical treatment.
Approximately 1% of pregnancies are ectopic.
History of pelvic inflammatory disease
Use of an intrauterine device for contraception
History of infertility
History of gonorrhea or chlamydia infection
History of a ruptured appendix (appendix "burst" before surgery)
History of a previous ectopic pregnancy
History of tubal surgery
Lower abdominal cramps
Missed period or painful period
Irregular vaginal bleeding or spotting
May have backache and shoulder pain
Positive pregnancy test
Serum beta-HCG (pregnancy test) at lower level than expected for a normal pregnancy
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Surgical removal of ectopic pregnancy (by laparoscopy)
Methotrexate - a medication that can be given in place of surgery, to expel an early ectopic pregnancy