Inflammation of the Prostate Gland
- The prostate gland in men, located between the rectum and the bladder (where urine is stored), may become inflamed (swelling, irritation, and pain).
- This gland surrounds the neck of the bladder and the urethra (a tube that voids urine from the bladder via penis). Inflammation or Prostatitis tends to choke the urethra and obstruct the flow of semen and urine. Prostatitis can be
acute (sudden) or chronic (over
- Frequent urination
- A feeling of having to push the urine out
- Decreased urinary stream (amount of urine)
- Inability to completely empty the bladder
- Pain or burning during urination (dysuria)
- Frequent urination at night (nocturia)
- Painful ejaculation
- Lower back pain
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Pain with bowel movement
- Blood in the Urine or semen
- Pain in the testicles
- Symptoms may be mild or absent.
- Symptoms similar to acute form.
- In non-bacterial form, fever and
chills may be
- Bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Proteus, Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, and many others can cause inflammation of the prostate.
- Bacteria may cause both acute and the chronic forms.
- A narrowing or stricture of the urethra can cause the urine to back up (reflux) and cause Prostatitis.
- Prostate Cancer or enlargement can block the neck of the bladder, causing urine to leak around and result in Prostatitis.
- Damage to the nerves that supply the prostate (i.e., Herniated Disk) and tension in muscles around the prostate can cause Prostatitis.
- Immune system -- body's natural
defense system may play role in the inflammation of
- Symptoms -- how long, how severe.
- Illnesses -- injuries, etc.
- Surgeries -- recent Cystoscopy
- Habits -- sexual habits
- May or may not have fever
- May reveal a warm, swollen, tender mass when the doctor inserts his gloved index finger into the rectum in order to reach and examine the prostrate (rectal exam).
- The groin area may have tender lumps known as inguinal lymph nodes.
- Urine samples are collected (urine analysis -- U/A) and may show pus, white blood cells, and red blood cells.
- Urine culture (clean catch sample) is collected and sent to the laboratory where in 24-48 hours the offending bacterium (and its sensitivity to antibiotic agents) is identified.
- Blood samples may also be done for cultures.
- Prostate massage is helpful in bringing out the discharge containing the bacteria (this is not done until antibiotics have been started).
- In chronic bacterial and non-bacterial causes, the U/A may show white blood cells and cells containing fatty droplets (oval fat bodies), but bacteria may be absent. In both conditions, urine, urine in the bladder, and prostate secretions must be sent for bacterial cultures.
- In non-bacterial form, the cultures
are negative and no bacteria
- Male sex
- Sexually active
- Age -- over 50 (for chronic form)
- Urinary Tract Infections
- Acute Prostatitis is a risk factor for chronic form.
- Prostate stones
- Epididymitis --
inflammation of the ducts that drain the testicles.
- Urethritis -- inflammation of urethra
- Manipulation or inserting devices in the urethra (Cystoscopy and catheter)
- Infections in other body parts (e.g., rectum)
- High Uric acid
- Bed rest
- Cranberry juice may help
- Painkillers --Tylenol or Advil
- Stool softeners
- Sitz baths will help with pain and spasms.
- Antibiotics such as Septra help with acute form.
- Ciprofloxacin daily for periods (over 3 months) are often given for the chronic form.
- In Non-bacterial forms -- antibiotics are also tried
- If antibiotics do not heal, surgical resection of the prostate or thermotherapy (heat) using microwaves may be an option for non-acute forms of Prostatitis.
- Avoid spicy foods, alcohol, and
your physician, especially if there is pain, fever, chills,
- Inflammation of seminal vesicles -- painful ejaculation
- Cystitis --
- Prostatodynia -- in young men, produces symptoms similar to Prostatitis
If you want your friend to read or know about this article, Click here