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Concussion

more about Concussion


  • A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury characterized by a transient loss of consciousness without gross anatomical abnormalities of the brain.


  • Generally, the symptoms and length of unconsciousness depend upon the severity of
    the injury.
    1. Loss of consciousness (lasting seconds to minutes)
    2. Memory loss of the events surrounding the injury
    3. Problems with thinking or concentration
    4. Dizziness, Tinnitus, headaches or vomiting
    5. Irritability or agitation
    6. Post-concussion syndrome is characterized by fatigue, vague headaches, decreased concentration, dizziness, memory and vision changes following the concussion. In some patients, post-concussion syndrome may begin weeks or even months after the initial injury.
    7. Depressive symptoms may require short-term psychotherapy.


  • A concussion results from a rapidly uncontrolled head motion or a blow to the head from a high-speed motor vehicle accident, fall or strike by a moving object or assault.


  • A concussion may be diagnosed by a physician with a history of accidents and neurologic examinations. A simple skull X-Ray, Brain CT scan or MRI scan can be helpful.


  • Rest
  • Close observation is important for the first 24 hours to check out the changes in symptoms that indicate a complicated hemorrhage. Complicated concussions that bleed usually require surgery.
  • Surgery is usually not necessary for an uncomplicated concussion
  • Inactivity -- activities may be restricted based on the length of unconsciousness and the history of prior injuries.



  • Most patients with simple concussions have a full recovery, although the post-concussion syndrome can persist for weeks. The recovery period is related to the severity of concussion. If the patient has a history of head injuries, they usually last longer and are a bit more on the serious side.




more about Concussion


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