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Welcome, eCureMe.com medical contents search April 26, 2013
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Thyroglossal Duct Cyst

more about Thyroglossal Duct Cyst


  • A thyroglossal duct cyst is a fluid-filled sac in the neck at the midline and attached to the base of the tongue.
  • The cyst may be located between the hyoid bone (the bone in the base of the tongue) and the breastbone (65%), between the hyoid bone and the lower jaw (20%), or at the hyoid bone.

  • A freely movable cystic mass present at birth and located in the midline of the neck.
  • It elevate with tongue protrusion or swallowing.

  • It is caused by incomplete closure of the thyroglossal duct, which is a narrow canal that connects the thyroid gland to tongue.

  • Neck ultrasound shows a cystic space.
  • A CT scan of the neck shows a low-density mass with a thin peripheral rim.
  • Surgical excision of the lesion and pathologic evaluation to confirm

  • Surgical removal

  • Infection of cyst
  • Risk of malignancy




more about Thyroglossal Duct Cyst


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