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STD

more about STD


Sexually Transmitted Disease



  • An STD is any disease that can be transferred from one person to another by having sex.
  • There are more than 20 kinds of STDs.
  • STDs occur most commonly in adolescents.

  • Many women do not have any obvious signs.
  • Fever, chills, and malaise
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Burning on urination, a pain in the urethra
  • Penile discharge in men
  • Vaginal discharge, pelvic pain in women
  • Anal discharge and pain
  • Discharge (bloody pus) from rectum
  • Genital herpes: small grouped blisters which eventually crust

  • STDs are caused by bacteria and viruses, such as:
    1. Chlamydia
    2. Gonorrhea 
    3. Trichomoniasis 
    4. Syphilis
    5. HIV/AIDS
    6. Genital herpes
    7. Genital Warts
    8. Cytomegalovirus

  • Slides/smears of discharge from the urethra, cervix; DNA probes of urethral or cervical discharge for gonorrhea
  • Microscopic examination of the spirochetes, or special blood tests for syphilis
  • DNA probe (swabs), IgM immunofluorescence (blood test) for chlamydia infection
  • Tzanck smear, Viral cultures, ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay), immunofluorescence tests for genital herpes

  • Increasing levels of estrogen during puberty
  • Failure to use contraceptive method
  • Sex with someone who has an STD

  • Antibiotics:

    1. Ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin, spectomycin for gonorrhea
    2. Penicillin for syphilis
    3. Erythromycin, doxycycline, azithromycin for chlamydial infection
    4. Azithromycin, ceftriaxone (Rocephin), Augmentin, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin for chancroid
  • Antiretroviral drugs for AIDS
  • Acyclovir, Famvir, or Valtrex for genital herpes
  • Sexual partner(s) need to be treated

  • Do not have sex with someone who has an STD.
  • Use a condom when you have sex.




more about STD


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