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Pharyngitis

more about Pharyngitis


  • This is an inflammation of the throat between the tonsils and the larynx; includes Tonsillitis and tonsillopharyngitis.
  • It usually occurs in children who are between 4 years and 7 years old.

  • Sore throat, breath odor, difficulty swallowing, fever, swollen and painful neck lymph nodes
  • Viral pharyngitis:
    1. Gradual onset
    2. Lasts 1-5 days
    3. Hoarseness, coughing, rhinorrhea, red eyes, Diarrhea, vomiting
  • Bacterial pharyngitis:
    1. Sudden onset
    2. Lasts 1-4 days
    3. Headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, lack of energy

  • Viral:

- Adenovirus, parainfluenza, Coxsackie virus, Epstein-Barr virus, Herpes simplex virus

  • Bacteria:

- Group A hemolytic Streptococci, Corynebacteri diphtheriae

  • Chronic pharyngitis:
    1. Infection of the sinuses, lungs, or mouth
    2. Smoking, polluted air, alcohol

  • Mouth and throat examination

- The tonsils are red and enlarged, sometimes with white spots.

  • Enlarged and painful lymph nodes on the neck
  • Throat swab for culture
  • Streptococcal screen, such as enzyme immuno-assay

  • Analgesics and antipyretics such as acetaminophen
  • Gargle with warm salt water.
  • Chronic pharyngitis: Eliminate the cause of inflammation.
  • Bacterial pharyngitis: Antibiotics such as penicillin or erythromycin.


  • If your child has difficulty breathing, he/she needs emergency medical treatment.  Call 911 immediately.




more about Pharyngitis


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