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Welcome, eCureMe.com medical contents search April 26, 2013
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Sexually Transmitted Diseases


  • AIDS
  • Bacterial Vaginosis
  • Chancroid
  • Chlamydia Trachomatis
  • Crabs
  • Genital Herpes
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  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis B
  • Scabies
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    Scabies


    Description
    Scabies is an infection caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Infections occur when newly fertilized female mites are transferred from person-to-person through close contact. Crowded, unclean conditions and sexually promiscuity increase the risk of contracting scabies. Medical personnel are also at increased risk of infection.


    Symptoms
    • Sever itching of the infected area
    • Blisters or scabbed blisters in runs or burrows on finger webs, the heel of palms, and wrist creases
    • Small red raised lesions on the penis shaft


    Diagnosis
    • Scrapings of lesion are viewed under a microscope. The presence of mites, ova (eggs), or feces confirms the diagnosis.
    • Burrow ink test involves ink being placed on the burrow and then scraped. The mite, ova, and feces can be seen under the microscope.


    Treatment
    • Bedding and clothing should be cleaned and set aside for 48 hours.
    • A one-time application of Permethrin 5% cream for 8 to 12 hours is recommended. This regimen is safe and effective.
    • Lindane cream is more toxic than Permethrin and may pose dangerous side effects in children due to potential neurotoxicity.
    • Benzyl benzoate lotion may also be applied
    • Corticosteroids may be used for dermatitis (skin inflammation) that are caused by scabies.


    Similar conditions
    Pediculosis (lice)



     
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